American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Research Article |

Status and Prevalence of Substance Use Among Students of Tabora Polytechnic College, Tuli Campus, Tabora-a Cross Sectional Study

Youth drug abuse is a high-profile public health concern worldwide. Besides this drug abuse is one of the major issues in Tanzania. The youth in Tanzania are often involved in trafficking and consuming illegal drugs like cannabis. Illegal substance use among students can negatively impact their health in total, could negatively impact their educational grades and performances and also can give rise to maladaptive behaviors and personality traits. Studies in this area are scanty in Tanzania. This gap in knowledge prompted the design of the current study. The present study surveyed the status and prevalence of substance use among the students of Tabora polytechnic college of its Tuli campus; where 350 students of age group 15-30 years from different departments were being interviewed using ADA baseline questionnaire. Substances which are commonly abused by the students are found to be Alcohol (31.43%), Cigarettes (30.86%) and Bhang (19.71%). The Believe that alcohol and drug use facilitates sexual opportunities (32.5%) and facilitates connection with peers (31.7%) has escalated the use of drugs and alcohol and has been revealed that most of the students abuse drugs during weekends (23.71%) and after evening lectures (18.34%). The major sources of drugs and substances of use are from among the students themselves (39.72%).

Substance Use, Drugs, TPC, Tuli Campus and Tanzania

Tanushree Debnath, Mathias Mahingule Samwel, Nyanda Hella, Shinje Kazinza Magesa, John Backford Tengela, et al. (2023). Status and Prevalence of Substance Use Among Students of Tabora Polytechnic College, Tuli Campus, Tabora-a Cross Sectional Study. American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 11(4), 81-93.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. World Drug Report U. World Drug Report, Youth. 30 Sep 2018. New York, United States: United Nations; 2018. 1–62 p.
2. Kenaw D. F et al (2022). Prevalence and Associated Factors of Substance Use Among Male Population in East African Countries. A Multilevel Analysis of Recent Demographic and Health Survey From 2015 To 2019.
3. Organization of American States C. Report on Drug Use in the America 2019. Washington, D. C., 2019.: Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), Organization of American States (OAS), Report on Drug Use in the Americas 2019, 2019.
4. Boitt, R. K., Boitt, M. L., Othieno, C., & Obondo, A. (2016). Socio-Demographic Factors Associated with Alcohol Abuse among Egerton University Students in Njoro-Kenya. Journal of Education and practice, 7(32), 189-197.
5. Mavura, R. A., Nyaki, A. Y., Leyaro, B. J., Mamseri, R., George, J., Ngocho, J. S., & Mboya, I. B. (2022). Prevalence of substance use and associated factors among secondary school adolescents in Kilimanjaro region, northern Tanzania. PLoS one, 17(9), e0274102.
6. Yusuph, K., & Negret, I. (2016). Adolescents and drug abuse in Tanzania: history and evolution. Advances in Research, 7 (2), 1-10.
7. Roba, H. S., Beyene, A. S., Irenso, A. A., & Gebremichael, B. (2019). Prevalence of lifetime substances use among students in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Systematic Reviews, 8 (1), 1-16.
8. Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children (MoHCDGEC) [Tanzania Mainland. (2015). Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey and Malaria Indicator Survey 2015-16.
9. Skidmore, C. R., Kaufman, E. A., & Crowell, S. E. (2016). Substance use among college students. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics, 25 (4), 735-753.
10. Ogundipe, O., Amoo, E. O., Adeloye, D., & Olawole-Isaac, A. (2018). Substance use among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis. South African Journal of Child Health, 2018 (1), s79-s84.
11. Moor, I., Winter, K., Rathmann, K., Ravens-Sieberer, U., & Richter, M. (2020). Alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use in adolescence–Cross-sectional results of the 2017/18 HBSC study. Journal of health monitoring, 5 (3), 69.
12. Francis, J. M., Weiss, H. A., Mshana, G., Baisley, K., Grosskurth, H., & Kapiga, S. H. (2015). The epidemiology of alcohol use and alcohol use disorders among young people in northern Tanzania. PloS one, 10 (10), e0140041.
13. Nuworza kugbey et al (2023), Substance Abuse Treatment, prevention and policy Article number 44 (2023).
14. The United Republic of Tanzania Ministry of Health and Social Welfare. (2006) Tanzania global school based student’s health survey report.
15. The United Republic of Tanzania Ministry of Health and Social Welfare. (2015) Tanzania global school based student’s health survey report.
16. Masika et al. (2015). Psychosocial Rehabilitation Services Provided, Success and Challenges Facing Mirembe National Mental Hospital. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Science.
17. World Health Organization. (2014). Guidelines for the identification and management of substance use and substance use disorders in pregnancy.
18. Musyoka, C. M., Mbwayo, A., Donovan, D., & Mathai, M. (2020). Alcohol and substance use among first-year students at the University of Nairobi, Kenya: Prevalence and patterns. PLOS one, 15 (8), e0238170.
19. Cleveland Clinic, “Substance Use Disorder” available from,[Accessed 20 October 2022].
20. Cho, H. S, & Yang, Y (2023). Relationship Between Alcohol consumption and Risky sexual Behaviors Among Adolescents and Young Adults: A meta-analysis. International Journal of Public Health, 68, 1605669.
21. Jahan, A. R, & Burgess, D. M. (2021). Substance Use Disorder.