Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2017, Page: 1-5
Depression among Medical versus Non-Medical Students in Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah Al-Mukaramah, Saudi Arabia
Mohammad M. Alkot, Department of Family Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebien Alkoum, Egypt
Abdullah Y. Alnewirah, Internship, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah Al-Mukaramah, Saudi Arabia
Abdulaziz T. Bagasi, Internship, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah Al-Mukaramah, Saudi Arabia
Adel A. Alshehri, Internship, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah Al-Mukaramah, Saudi Arabia
Naif A. Bawazeer, Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
Received: Mar. 10, 2016;       Accepted: Oct. 31, 2016;       Published: Jan. 5, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20170501.11      View  4319      Downloads  186
Abstract
Background: Depression is a worldwide health problem affecting people who have a stressful life like medical students. Objectives: of the study is to estimate the depression rate and levels among medical versus non-medical students in Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah Al-Mukaramah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study based on Beck's Depression Inventory Questionnaire was conducted on a representative sample of medical and non-medical students of Umm Al-Qura University. The sample was randomly selected from both males and females of College of Medicine and two randomly selected non-medical colleges (College of Islamic Studies and College of Engineering & Islamic Architecture). The male students were 103, 107 and 95 however the females students were 77 and 70 respectively. Results: The study illustrated a higher rate of depression among males than females (31.2% versus 26.4% respectively). The levels of depression among males were near each other in the Colleges of Medicine and Engineering (36.9% and 34.8% respectively), while it was the lowest in College of Islamic Studies (22.7%). On the other hand, the rate was 31.1% and 21.1% among female students of College of Medicine and College of Islamic Studies respectively. So, both male and female medical students have the highest rate of depression. Conclusion: The biopsychosocial health of medical students is our concern. Thus, the study recommends improving the methods of teaching, creating a motivational learning environment and initiating stress management strategies to overcome the occurrence of depression.
Keywords
Depression, Stress, Biopsychosocial, Medical Education, Umm Al-Qura University
To cite this article
Mohammad M. Alkot, Abdullah Y. Alnewirah, Abdulaziz T. Bagasi, Adel A. Alshehri, Naif A. Bawazeer, Depression among Medical versus Non-Medical Students in Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah Al-Mukaramah, Saudi Arabia, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2017, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20170501.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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