Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016, Page: 57-64
Psychosocial, Economic Support Services and Demographic Factors Affecting the Prognosis of Schizophrenic Clients at Adama Hospital Medical College
Nuru Hassen Ibrahim, School of Social and Public Department, Adama Hospital Medical College, Adama City, Ethiopia
Kumsa Donis, School of Psychology, Adama Science and Technology University, Adama City, Ethiopia
Received: May 5, 2016;       Accepted: May 16, 2016;       Published: Jun. 18, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20160404.11      View  4234      Downloads  143
Abstract
The aim of this study is to identify the psychosocial, economic support services and demographic factors affecting the prognosis of schizophrenic clients at Adama Hospital medical college, Oromia region, Ethiopia. To conduct the study, quantitative method was employed and a survey was conducted from February to march 2014. A sample of 100 schizophrenic clients who are on follow-up with antipsychotic medication for greater than one year was selected by using psychiatric nurse and mental health officer for their cooperative communication using mental state examination to assess their cognition before delivering questionnaire for the study’. For the study of the psychosocial, economic support service and demographic factors affecting the prognosis of schizophrenia, questionnaire was developed according to the objective of the study and translated into local language (Amharic language). To ensure the validity and reliability of developed questionnaire various measures were taken and pilot study was conducted at the study site. In accordance with finding of pretest, minor modifications were made to the questionnaire. The data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, through SPSS version 16.0 statistical packages. The results showed that 30% clients were below age 25 years, 18% of schizophrenic clients are illiterate, 38% of them are grade 1-8, 31% of them are grade 8-12, and 3% of them are certificate. The 74% of schizophrenic client’s monthly income is below $27, 49% of schizophrenic client are unmarried, 13% of them are separated and divorced, and 1% of them are widowed. With regard to occupational status 52% of schizophrenic’s client are unemployed, 1% dismissed, 10% of them are house holder and 20% of them are daily laborer. 43% of clients discontinued taking the prescribed medication, 16% of the respondents reported that they had experienced stigma in their life due to schizophrenia disorder. The findings of the study showed that, the psychosocial, economic support services and demographic factors affecting the prognosis of schizophrenia disorder is assessed and identified in the study area. This needs an urgent attention at all levels of societal hierarchy including minsters, administrators, stakeholders, health professionals, and the community to overcome the problem. Finally, recommendations were forwarded based on the major findings so as to minimize the problem.
Keywords
Prognosis of Schizophrenia, Psychosocial, Economic Support Service, Demographic Factors
To cite this article
Nuru Hassen Ibrahim, Kumsa Donis, Psychosocial, Economic Support Services and Demographic Factors Affecting the Prognosis of Schizophrenic Clients at Adama Hospital Medical College, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2016, pp. 57-64. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20160404.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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