Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2016, Page: 48-51
Comparison of Degrees of Social Distance Towards the Mentally Ill Between Relatives of Psychiatric Patients, Health Workers and the General Public
Chukwujekwu Donald Chidozie, Department of Neuropsychiatry, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Chukwujekwu Judith Chioma, Department of Educational Management, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Olose Emmanuel Omamurhomu, Department of Psychiatry, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
Received: Apr. 30, 2016;       Accepted: May 9, 2016;       Published: May 26, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20160403.13      View  3638      Downloads  148
Abstract
The study compared the degree of social distance towards the mentally ill between the public, health workers and relatives of the mentally ill at Madonna University Teaching Hospital, Elele, Rivers State of Nigeria. It took place within 10 months. Two hundred and sixty nine consenting subjects were enlisted in the study. However only 254 completed it comprising 110 relatives of the mentally ill, 47 health workers and 97 non-relatives (public). The modified Bogardus Social Distance Scale (MBSDS) and a self designed questionnaire containing socio-demographic and psychiatric illness variables were administered to each subject. The difference in mean MBSDS scores of the public and relatives of the mentally ill is statistically significant, while the difference in mean MBSDS scores of the public and health workers is not statistically significant. The greatest proportion of respondents (37%) attributed the cause of mentally illness to demonic possession. Stigma towards the mentally ill is not only an important global health concern, but it is a burning human right issue.
Keywords
Stigma, Mentally-Ill, Social Distance, Health, Scores
To cite this article
Chukwujekwu Donald Chidozie, Chukwujekwu Judith Chioma, Olose Emmanuel Omamurhomu, Comparison of Degrees of Social Distance Towards the Mentally Ill Between Relatives of Psychiatric Patients, Health Workers and the General Public, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2016, pp. 48-51. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20160403.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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