Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2016, Page: 43-47
Socio-demographic Profiles of Subjects with Co-morbid Alcohol Use Disorder and Depression in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria
Chukwujekwu Chidozie Donald, Department of Neuropsychiatry, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Okeafor Chukwuma Ugochukwu, Department of Neuropsychiatry, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Olose Emmanuel Omamurhomu, Department of Psychiatry, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
Received: Apr. 30, 2016;       Accepted: May 9, 2016;       Published: May 17, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20160403.12      View  4153      Downloads  136
Abstract
The study was designed to ascertain the socio-demographic profiles of patients suffering from co-morbid Alcohol Use Disorders and Depression, attending the General outpatient Clinic of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital. Consenting subjects recruited by a systematic sampling procedure between February and July 2011 were enlisted in the study. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and the Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI) were administered to each. Additional information was obtained through a self-designed socio-demographic questionnaire. Fifty nine (12.6%) of the cohort were diagnosed with Alcohol Use disorders (AUD), one hundred and thirty four (28.5%) with major depression and twenty seven (5.7%) with both AUD and major depression. The female and male genders were shown to be significantly associated with co-morbid depression and AUD respectively. The notion that women alcoholics are more vulnerable to drink in response to negative effect than male alcoholics may further explain the statistically significant higher prevalence of depression among females with AUD in comparison to males with the same co-morbidity. Formal education should be intensified in the developing world, and the need to protect the vulnerable segment of our population especially women cannot be overemphasized.
Keywords
Gender, Socio-demographic, Co-morbid, Alcohol, Depression
To cite this article
Chukwujekwu Chidozie Donald, Okeafor Chukwuma Ugochukwu, Olose Emmanuel Omamurhomu, Socio-demographic Profiles of Subjects with Co-morbid Alcohol Use Disorder and Depression in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2016, pp. 43-47. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20160403.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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