Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Page: 116-124
Perception, Attitude and Associated Factors on Schizophrenia and Depression Among Residents of Hawassa City, South Ethiopia, Cross Sectional Study
Getinet Ayano, Department of Research and Training, Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Melkamu Agidew, Department of Research and Training, Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Bereket Duko, Community Health and Leadership Module, School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Haregwoin Mulat, Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Melkamu Alemayew, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: Nov. 8, 2015;       Accepted: Nov. 18, 2015;       Published: Dec. 18, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20150306.14      View  3726      Downloads  122
Introduction: mental disorders including schizophrenia and depression are becoming one of the public health problems in Ethiopia. However, little is known about perception, and attitude of the public regarding schizophrenia and depression. The main aim of this study was to assess perception, attitude and associated factors of schizophrenia and depression among residents of Hawassa city, southern Ethiopia. Methods: A community based cross sectional study was conducted in Hawassa city, May 2014. Participants were selected by using multistage sampling method. The study participants were allocated to the selected kebeles (villages) proportionally to their estimated number of households. Data was collected by using structured, pre-tested and interviewer administered questionnaire. The data entry, clearance and analysis were carried out using SPSS version20 statistical software package. Results: Among respondents 66.5% and 56% of respondents have good perception about schizophrenia and poor perception on depression respectively. About 62.7% of respondents have negative attitude towards schizophrenia, but the attitude of majority of the respondents (75.8%) for major depressive disorders is positive. When it was adjusted for potential confounders, Age [AOR=4.79, 95%CI=(2.13-10.77)], income [AOR= 3.41, CI=(2.12-5.50)], getting information from mass media [AOR=1.38, CI=(1.11-2.07)] & information from religious institutions [AOR=0.44, CI=(0.285-0.68)] have statistically significant association with perception on schizophrenia. Age [AOR=3.12, 95%CI= (2.08-4.68)] and educational level [AOR= 2.34, CI= (1.71-5.02)] have statistically significant association with perception on depression. Income [AOR= 4.54, CI= (2.25-9.15)], source of information from health institution [AOR=1.69, CI= (1.03-2.76)] and perception [AOR= 3.05, CI= (2.15-4.34)] have statistically significant association with attitude towards schizophrenia. Educational level [AOR= 1.71, CI= (1.08-2.71)] and perception [AOR= 2.27, CI= (1.57-3.27)] have statistically significant association with attitude towards depression. Conclusion: Age, educational level, Income and source of information’s for perception and educational level, income, source of information and perception for attitude found to be significant predictors. Educating people about schizophrenia and depression by using mass media and health institutions and working with religious institutions is vital.
Schizophrenia, Depression, Perception, Attitude
To cite this article
Getinet Ayano, Melkamu Agidew, Bereket Duko, Haregwoin Mulat, Melkamu Alemayew, Perception, Attitude and Associated Factors on Schizophrenia and Depression Among Residents of Hawassa City, South Ethiopia, Cross Sectional Study, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 116-124. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20150306.14
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