Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2015, Page: 63-69
Xenomelia and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Similarities and Differences
Sabrina Link, Medical School Hamburg, University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany
Erich Kasten, Dept. of Neuropsychology, Medical School Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
Received: May 30, 2015;       Accepted: Jun. 15, 2015;       Published: Jul. 6, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20150304.12      View  4017      Downloads  82
Abstract
Theoretical background: Xenomelia, also known as Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID), is a mental disorder that is characterized by a strong desire to lose one or more limbs, or a functional area of the body. There is still no consensus, where the boundaries of the definition should be set and how BIID can be classified. The scientific community is currently debating whether Xenomelia could be a sub-type of obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD). Objective: The primary goal of this research was to improve the knowledge about similarities and differences between Xenomelia and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Method: Using the HZI-K (Hamburg Compulsive Inventory, short form), a questionnaire for collecting non-specific compulsive behavior, as well as the BIID screening for severity and intensity of this disorder, the compulsiveness of 33 Xenomelia affected participants was captured with an online survey and evaluated. The evaluation was based on the standard values of the HZI-K. Results: The test results of the 33 Xenomelia affected participants differ from the norms of the calibration sample of the HZI-K on the scales A (repetition controlling, as well as obsessive thoughts after controlling compulsions), D (counting-constrains, compulsions concerning touch, and speech), E (obsessive thoughts ) and F (compulsive images to hurt oneself or others). Conclusion: It can be assumed that BIID sufferers have compulsive tendencies in terms of control, action and thought constraints.
Keywords
Body Integrity Identity Disorder, BIID, Apotemnophilia, Amputee Identity Disorder, Xenomelia, OCD, Obsessive -Compulsive Disorder
To cite this article
Sabrina Link, Erich Kasten, Xenomelia and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Similarities and Differences, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2015, pp. 63-69. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20150304.12
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